February 2023

36 Types of Indian Jewellery

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The jewellery of India is as varied as the languages that spread across the country. And yet, some trends sweep across greater portions of the land than others. Here are 36 of India’s better beloved jewellery designs that have gained favour:

  • Antique Jewellery
    Antique Jewellery, with its rough look combined with an old-world charm, has gained enormous admiration in recent times.
  • Bead Jewellery
    Bead art in India, which dates back to the five thousand year old Indus Valley Civilisation where beads out of gold, silver, copper, clay, ivory and even wood were common, is a continuing trend in Indian jewellery.
  • Bridal Jewellery
    Indian brides are decked with various jewellery symbolising various meanings.

Intricately designed along with mesmerizing patterns and great colours, the gamut of bridal jewellery trousseau, though varying across the land, carries the bride’s cheerful celebration of a new life.

  • Gold Jewellery
    Gold, the metal of desire and the symbol of prosperity, has become a major form of guaranteed investment for much of India. Gold is also considered auspicious for occasions like marriage, engagement, etc.

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  • Handmade jewellery

Traditionally, jewellery in India remains synonymous with handmade jewellery.

  • Ivory Jewellery
    Made from Ivory or its substitutes, they are considered to bring a bride luck as she begins her married life.
  • Jadau Jewellery
    Jadau jewellery or engraved jewellery was brought into India by the Mughals. It forms an intricate mixture of design, gemstones, gold and enamelling work.
  • Kundan Jewellery
    Kundankari, centred in Rajasthan, was considered an art developed into perfection. Traditional kundan jewellery has stones encrusted on one side, and colourful and intricate meenakari on the other side.

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  • Lac Jewellery
    Lac jewellery, also known as lacquer jewellery, originated in Rajasthan and has gained considerable popularity in India today. The bangles in particular are much loved.
  • Meenakari Jewellery
    In Meenakari jewellery, precious stones are set and then enameled with gold, which adds beauty to the jewellery.
  • Navratna Jewellery
    In Navratna jewellery, nine Gemstones are used in a single ornament, with the belief that the nine stones together ensure well-being of the person who wears it.

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  • Pachchikam JewelleryPachchikam jewellery with its flashy yet crude appearance stands out because it is set in silver rather gold.
  • Silver JewellerySilver ornaments such as rings, bracelets, chains, necklaces, nose rings, earrings, toe rings, armlets, etc. form an integral part of Indian jewellery.
  • Platinum Jewellery
    Known for its rarity, purity and versatility, platinum jewellery has emerged as a leading trend with rings, earrings, necklaces etc.
  • Gemstone Jewellery
    Worn for astrological benediction of prosperity and good luck, as well as for aesthetic beauty, gemstone jewellery is a continuing trend among Indians.

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  • Tribal Jewellery
    Usually made of wood, bone, shells or metals, tribal jewellery holds a distinct rustic charm as they are unique in design to each tribe.
  • Custom Jewellery
    Custom jewellery is personalized jewellery. It is made on the interest and fancy of customers.
  • Fashion Jewellery
    Fashion jewellery, also called costume jewellery, is made of lighter and cheaper materials rather than precious metals or stones, and keeps changing according to the demand of trends.
  • Filigree Jewellery
    Filigree Jewellery is carefully crafted silver jewellery, ranging from simple to the ornate.
  • Polki Jewellery
    Polki jewellery refers to jewellery set with uncut diamonds, mined from the earth in a natural way.
  • Thewa Jewellery
    Thewa jewellery fuses an intricately worked thin sheet of gold into handmade coloured, molten glass, suggestive of gemstones.
  • Sarpech 
  • Sarpech refers to ornate turban ornaments worn by Hindus or Muslims, traditionally the royals.
  • Swamy Jewellery
    Swamy Jewellery is a kind of gold and silver jewellery manufactured in certain parts of Tamil Nadu, dating back to a history of millennia of jewellery-making.
  • Prayer Jewellery
    Prayer Jewellery includes the prayer beads, prayer ropes, japa malas, rosary beads, etc. used across the diverse religions of India.
  • Temple Jewellery
    Though originally considered as jewellery made for Gods and Goddesses, temple jewellery has seeped into mainstream Indian circles, particularly in the south

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  • Puzzle Jewellery
    Puzzle jewellery is a mechanically
  • functional piece of professional finish and intricate designs which serves as a puzzle piece.
  • AmuletsQuite often worn as pendants, amulets often have power ascribed to them to protect the wearer from harm.
  • Estate Jewellery
    Pre-owned antique or vintage jewellery, it is considered valuable.
  • Art Jewellery
    Often linked with studio craftspeople. Art jewellery emphasizes creative design, innovation and employs a wide variety of materials.
  • Body Piercing Jewellery
    Traditionally consisting of circular earrings, body piercing jewellery has seen a sharp rise in types, designs and materials in recent times with the increasing interest in tattoos and piercings.
  • Jewels of the Nizams
    The jewellery accredited to the Nizams of Hyderabad are crafted in gold and silver with enamelling embellishment and set with diamonds, rubies and other precious stones.
  • Paambadam jewellery
    Paambadam jewellery is a particularly heavy type of earring, worn by the women of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, shaped in the form of a snake, calculated to elongate the earlobes.
  • Vadannam/Odiyannam
    Considered to be one of the heaviest ornaments to be worn, Vadannam is generally a waist belt commonly seen in south India.

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  • Paasa Jewellery
    Brought to India by the Mughals, the Paasa jewellery is usually worn as a crown-piece, particularly by Muslim brides in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Timaniya Jewellery
    A part of the Rajput tradition, Timaniya jewellery, encrusted with diamonds, and other precious stones, is particularly heavy.
  • Jadanagam Jewellery Literally meaning the hair-serpant, this hair adornment encrusted with rubies and other preciousstones in gold is a part of the South Indian bridal and Devdasi costumes. These jewellery types are age-old. But, hardly obsolete. These designs have seeped very well into the mainstream. However, these are only a few types of jewellery that we bring to you; there are many more. Do let us which one like the best.

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